Cancercase reportPathology

Language Deficits in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Presented in 14th Emirates Pathology, Digital Pathology & Cancer Conference Holiday Inn Dubai, UAE & Virtual
Speaker Name: Prof. Nadia Sam (Algeria)
Global Journal of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine

Unified Citation Journals, Pathology 2024, ISSN2754-0952
Research interest:
Language pathology, Neuropsychology and cognitive neuroscience.    

Keywords: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-Language Disorders-Visual selective attention -Short-term visual memory.

Nadia Sam has completed her PhD from Saint-Denis Vincennes University (Paris). She is a professor in psychology: speech and language pathology, and heads the language, cognition and Interaction laboratory at Lounici Ali University (Blida 2, Algeria). She published Abstracts and papers in different journals which treated aphasia, autism

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an etiologically, physio-pathologically and clinically heterogeneous neurodegenerative, multisystem disorder affecting both motor and extra-motor systems [1].
Thus, it is commonly considered as a motor disease and it can be difficult to recognize it, especially in the early stages. However, non-motor symptoms have been reported, recently, in cases with ALS, such as cognitive, language and social cognition dysfunctions, and behaviour deficits. Indeed, it was stated that nearly half of patients with ALS may present cognitive disorders These patients’ cognitive profile is characterized by deficits in executive function (especially in fluency), language, social cognition, and verbal memory [2].
However, we have no information about the narrative in these patients. Consequently, the purpose of this research is the description of the narrative’s patient with ALS.
To realize that, we used different tools such as unusual stories we developed and revised in 2017 with proposing a model which allowing interpretation and understanding of observed disorders for language [3],
le test des barrages, for visual selective attention, and Rey picture for visual memory.
Results showed language disorders as the word missing, lexical and semantic access deficits, syntactic deficits, speech fluency and understanding disorders, planification troubles; social cognition and short-term visual memory deficits.

[1] Aiello, E. N. & al. (2023). Rethinking motor region role in verb processing: Insights from a neurolinguistic study of noun-verb dissociation in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Journal of Neurolinguistics. Vol. 66, 1-14.   

[2] Feldman, E.I & al. (2022). Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The Lancet, Vol 400. October 15. 1363-1380
[3] Sam, N. (2017). Etude du récit de trois sujets aphasiques algériens. Al-Lysanyat, Vol. 23, n°2.8-22.

Amyotrophic, Immunodeficiency States, Immunophenotyping, Molecular Diagnostics & Proteomics, Evolutionary Medicine, Functional Identification & Biomarkers, Hematopoietic & other Malignancies, Anatomical Pathology, Clinical Pathology, Dermato Pathology, Forensic Pathology, Hemato Pathology, Histopathology, Molecular Pathology, Surgical Pathology, Histopathology, Chemical Pathology, Hematopathology, Histopathology, Cytopathology, Forensic Pathology, Dermatopathology, Clinical Biochemistry, Infection Control, Cytokines, Enzymology, Endocrinology, Cellular Lineage, Virology, Rheology, Toxicology, Neuropathology, Diagnostic Pathology, Mesothelial Proliferations, Transfusion medicine, Clinical microbiology, Cytogenetics, Molecular Genetics Pathology, Immunopathology, Veterinary Pathology, Anatomical Pathology, General Pathology

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